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How to Grow Garlic Using Sustainable Farming Practices:

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a member of the onion family (Alliaceae) along with onions, chives, shallots, leeks, and elephant garlic. Garlic is distinguished from other family members by its flat leaves and clove-like bulbs. Each garlic bulb contains several small scales or cloves enclosed in a white or purplish parchment-like sheath.


Garlic cultivars are classified as either hardneck or softneck.

Hardneck cultivars (Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon) produce a flower stalk (technically a scape) and are often termed “top-setting” or “bolting” cultivars. Flowers, if they are produced, usually abort. Bulbils (small bulblets) are produced on top of the scape. The flower stalks of some hardneck garlic are distinctly coiled. These types are referred to as rocambole or serpent garlic. Typically, hardneck garlic cultivars have 4 to 12 cloves surrounding the flower stalk. Because of the hard flower stalk, they are difficult to braid. Garlic Scapes are completely edible and considered a delicacy.  Watch our recipes page for delicious ways to prepare garlic scapes.

Softneck cultivars (Allium sativum var. sativum) are sometimes referred to as “artichoke” cultivars and do not produce a seed stalk. These cultivars are commonly used in California for commercial production. However, some softneck cultivars are suitable for cold climates. Softneck cultivars are generally more productive than hardnecks because all the energy goes to producing a bulb rather than a bulb and flower stalk. Bulbs have 10 to 40 cloves arranged in layers. Softneck garlic tends to have a much longer shelf life than hardneck garlic and typically can be stored for 6 to 8 months without significant deterioration. They also are easy to braid.

Elephant, porcelain, or Greathead garlic is actually a type of leek (Allium ampeloprasum). Elephant garlic is much larger than true garlic, often weighing as much as 1 pound per bulb. They also store well. The taste of elephant garlic is much milder than that of true garlic, but in cold climates, it can develop a sharp or bitter taste.


Open your garlic box the same day it is received! This will help prevent mold/mildew/rot, as it will allow the garlic to continue drying. Place the garlic in a cool location away from sunlight as you wait for the proper planting time.

Up to 2 days prior to planting (but not longer), “shuck” the garlic. Remove the outer husks and separate the cloves, leaving the skins on the individual cloves. Store the cloves in a cool location away from sunlight.

One helpful step to help avoid disease is to shuck your garlic away from your field/garden, so the dirt particles and shucks can not contaminate your soil. This may be an unnecessary precaution, but it’s an easy one to do. Therefore, we recommend shucking garlic away from your field/garden.

Dipping/soaking cloves: more to come here in the near future…


Planting Garlic: Garlic grows best in well-drained, fertile soils that are high in organic matter. Misshapen bulbs may result when garlic is grown in heavy, clay soils. Incorporating compost or well-rotted manure into heavy, clay soils can be beneficial. The optimum soil pH for garlic is between 6 and 7. Before planting, soils should be well tilled to provide a loose growing bed for bulb development. Because garlic plants do not produce true seeds, garlic is grown by planting cloves. Garlic cloves can be purchased at garden centers or from mail-order companies, through direct purchase online from growers is typically more economical.

Planting cloves from garlic purchased at the grocery store is not recommended because these are usually softneck cultivars that are mainly adapted to mild climates. Additionally, most grocery store garlic has been exposed to chemicals that postpone or prevent growth for longer shelf life.

Cloves should be planted in fall in most of the US (October to early November) or early spring (late March to early April). Spring-planted garlic will not likely achieve the same size as fall-planted garlic. Contact your local Extension Office or state Extension for information about planting times specific to your area.

Fall-planted garlic should be mulched with a 4- to 6-inch layer of weed-seed-free straw to help prevent winter injury. In early spring, move the straw to between the rows to allow the garlic foliage to emerge and moisture to evaporate from the soil. The mulch helps control weeds during the growing season.

Late spring planting results in smaller bulbs at harvest.

Plant cloves with the pointed side up, root end down. When planted upside down, misshapen bulbs often develop. Plant cloves about 1 inch deep, or contact your Extension Office for recommended depth for your climate/zone.

Hardneck (top-setting) garlic cultivars also may also be grown from the bulbils or bulblets. Plant the bulblets in early spring and allow to grow in the same area for 18 months. By the end of the first season, the bulblets will form “rounds” or unsegmented bulbs. Left undisturbed, they will form a cluster of cloves by the following summer.


Place cloves 3 to 5 inches apart within the row. Rows should be spaced 18 to 24 inches apart.


We suggest that you contact your local agricultural extension office for recommendations specific to your growing area.

Garlic requires more fertilizer than many vegetables. Incorporate 1 to 2 pounds of an all-purpose garden fertilizer (10-10-10) per 100 square feet before planting. One month after planting apply an additional pound per 100 foot of row in a band 3 to 4 inches from the base of the plants. Avoid nitrogen applications after the first week of May because bulbing may be delayed. Soil tests should be taken before planting to determine phosphorus and potassium needs. 

If you prefer to garden naturally, try fertilizing with blood meal, bone meal, and/or fish meal.


Water plants once per week during dry weather. Stop irrigating in late June to allow the foliage to yellow and die before harvest. Like an onion, garlic has a shallow root system. Weeds should be removed carefully to avoid disturbing or pulling up the garlic bulbs with the weeds. Mulches help control weeds and conserve soil moisture.


Most garlic diseases are either soil- or set-borne and usually can be controlled with proper rotation and planting disease-free sets. Before planting, check each clove for signs of disease. Discard any infected cloves or bruised cloves because they may decay in the soil. Many garlic cultivars are susceptible to yellow tips.

The development of yellow tips early in the season (before bulbing) may drastically reduce yields. It is usually a sign of water stress, nutrient deficiency, or disease. Insects are not a major problem for garlic production, though a few destructive pests do exist.


When is it best to harvest garlic?  In late spring/early summer, the garlic begins to change from a green onion-looking plant to forming bulbs. The greatest part of the size develops in the last month before harvest.

Spring garlic looks similar to green onions. It has not yet begun to form cloves in mid/late April in Iowa. Spring garlic can be eaten, but of course, won’t allow you to produce as large of a quantity as if it matures before harvest. Still, it is another unique way to enjoy your garlic!

Carefully dig garlic bulbs when the foliage starts to turn yellow and die, most often when half of the leaves are dying. Yellowing normally occurs between June and September (varying by climate/zone). Dry or cure the bulbs in a warm, well-ventilated, and shaded location for at least 2 to 3 weeks.

After drying, remove the foliage 1 inch above the bulbs or use the foliage to braid the bulbs together. Place the bulbs in a mesh bag or open crate and store where it is cool (32–40°F) and dry (65–70% relative humidity). Softneck types can be stored for 6 months or more, whereas hardneck types may only store for approximately 3-5 months. More about how to store garlic here.


If you have any questions, feel free to contact us!

Additional information also is available from these Web sites, and also your state’s Extension web site:

All garlic seed for sale is supplied by our small micro-farm in Elgin Oregon – Greif’s Gourmet Garlic!

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Master Manifestor: Unleashing the Power of Manifestation



Master Manifestor

Manifestation has gained popularity as a transformative practice in recent years, captivating individuals seeking to harness their inner desires and goals into tangible outcomes. At the heart of this phenomenon lies the concept of the “Master Manifestor,” someone who adeptly uses manifestation techniques to create their ideal reality. This article explores what it means to be a Master Manifestor, the principles behind manifestation, practical tips for effective manifestation, and how anyone can cultivate this skill in their own lives.

Understanding Manifestation

What is Manifestation?

Manifestation is the process of bringing your thoughts, beliefs, and desires into reality through focused intention and action. It operates on the premise that thoughts and emotions have energetic frequencies that can attract corresponding experiences and outcomes.

Principles of Manifestation

  • Clarity of Intent: Clearly defining what you want to manifest is essential. This involves identifying specific goals, visualizing outcomes, and cultivating a deep belief in their attainment.
  • Alignment: Aligning your thoughts, emotions, beliefs, and actions with your desired outcomes enhances manifestation effectiveness. Consistent positive thoughts and feelings amplify the manifestation process.
  • Detachment: Allowing space for the universe to unfold and deliver manifestations without clinging to specific outcomes fosters trust and alignment with divine timing.

Becoming a Master Manifestor

Qualities of a Master Manifestor

  • Belief in Possibility: Master Manifestors have unwavering faith in their ability to manifest desired outcomes, trusting in the universal laws of attraction and abundance.
  • Visualization Skills: Proficient in vividly imagining and feeling the reality of their desires as if they have already been achieved.
  • Resilience: Maintaining positivity, even in the face of challenges or setbacks, and using them as opportunities for growth and refinement.

Cultivating Manifestation Skills

  • Set Clear Intentions: Write down specific goals and desires, detailing what you want to manifest in various aspects of life such as career, relationships, health, and personal development.
  • Practice Visualization: Regularly visualize achieving your goals with all senses engaged. Feel the emotions associated with success and embody the experience mentally.
  • Affirmations and Mantras: Use positive affirmations and empowering mantras to reinforce beliefs in your ability to manifest. Repeat them daily to program your subconscious mind.

Practical Tips for Effective Manifestation

Techniques and Exercises

  • Gratitude Practice: Cultivate gratitude for what you have and what you expect to manifest. Gratitude raises your energetic vibration and attracts more positive experiences.
  • Scripting: Write in detail about your desired outcomes as if they have already happened. Describe how achieving these goals makes you feel and the positive impact it has on your life.
  • Vision Boards: Create visual representations of your goals using images, words, and symbols that resonate with your desires. Place your vision board where you can see it daily.


Becoming a Master Manifestor involves mastering the art of intentional creation through focused thought, belief, and action. By aligning with universal principles of manifestation and consistently applying proven techniques, anyone can unlock their potential to manifest their dreams into reality. Whether manifesting career success, loving relationships, vibrant health, or personal growth, the journey of a Master Manifestor begins with embracing possibility, clarity, and unwavering faith in the power of manifestation.


What if I have doubts or fears about manifesting my desires?

Doubts and fears are natural, but practicing self-awareness and shifting focus towards positive thoughts and beliefs can help overcome them. Trust in the process and stay committed to your goals.

How long does it take to manifest something?

Manifestation timelines vary based on factors such as clarity of intention, alignment with beliefs and actions, and the complexity of the desire. Some manifestations may occur quickly, while others require patience and persistence.

Can manifestation replace hard work and effort?

Manifestation complements hard work and effort by aligning your actions with your intentions and enhancing the likelihood of success. It encourages proactive steps towards goals while maintaining a positive mindset.

Is manifestation spiritual or religious?

Manifestation techniques can be practiced regardless of religious or spiritual beliefs. It focuses on universal principles of energy, intention, and belief, which are accessible to individuals from diverse backgrounds.

How can I enhance my manifestation practice?

Regular practice, patience, and self-reflection are key to enhancing manifestation skills. Explore different techniques, adapt them to suit your preferences, and remain open to learning and growth.

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Exploring the Benefits and Uses of Coconut Charcoal



Coconut Charcoal

Coconut charcoal, derived from the shells of coconuts, is increasingly gaining popularity due to its versatility and various beneficial properties. This article delves into what coconut charcoal is, its production process, uses, benefits, and considerations for its usage.

What is Coconut Charcoal?

Production Process

Coconut charcoal is produced by heating coconut shells in the absence of oxygen through a process called carbonization. This process removes volatile compounds and moisture, leaving behind pure carbon in the form of charcoal. The resulting product is porous and has a high surface area, making it suitable for various applications.

Sustainable Sourcing

Coconut charcoal is often touted as an environmentally friendly alternative to traditional charcoal due to its use of coconut shells, a byproduct of coconut farming. This repurposing helps reduce waste and promotes sustainability in agricultural practices.

Uses of Coconut Charcoal

Water Filtration

One of the primary uses of coco-nut charcoal is in water filtration systems. Its porous structure allows it to effectively absorb impurities, chemicals, and contaminants from water, improving taste and quality.

Air Purification

Coco-nut charcoal is also used in air purification products such as air filters and purifiers. Its adsorption properties help trap odors, pollutants, and allergens, contributing to cleaner indoor air.

Health and Wellness

In the realm of health and wellness, coco-nut charcoal is gaining popularity as a natural detoxifying agent. It is used in supplements and detox products to help remove toxins and promote digestive health by absorbing gases and toxins in the digestive tract.


Charcoal-infused skincare products, such as facial masks and cleansers, utilize coco-nut charcoal for its ability to draw out impurities and excess oil from the skin, leaving it feeling cleansed and refreshed.

Benefits of Coconut Charcoal

Adsorption Properties

Coconut charcoal’s high adsorption capacity makes it effective in trapping and removing toxins, chemicals, and other impurities from various substances, including air, water, and the body.

Natural and Renewable

Derived from coconut shells, coco-nut charcoal is considered a natural and renewable resource, aligning with eco-conscious consumer preferences.


Its versatility allows coco-nut charcoal to be used in a wide range of applications, from purification to health supplements, demonstrating its adaptability in different industries.


Quality and Purity

When purchasing coco-nut charcoal products, ensure they are sourced from reputable suppliers to guarantee quality and purity. Look for products that are certified and tested for effectiveness and safety.

Usage Guidelines

Follow recommended guidelines and instructions when using coco-nut charcoal products, especially in health-related applications. Excessive use or improper administration may lead to unintended effects.


Coconut charcoal is a versatile and beneficial natural product with applications ranging from water filtration and air purification to health supplements and skincare. Its adsorption properties, coupled with its sustainable sourcing, make it a compelling choice for consumers seeking eco-friendly and effective solutions in various aspects of daily life.

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The Scorpion and the Turtle: A Tale of Nature and Human Nature



The Scorpion and the Turtle


Fables have long been a part of human culture, offering wisdom through simple yet profound stories. One such tale is that of the scorpion and the turtle, a narrative that delves deep into themes of trust, betrayal, and inherent nature. This article explores the fable, its moral, and its relevance to our lives today.

The Fable of the Scorpion and the Turtle

Setting the Scene

The story begins on the bank of a wide river, where a scorpion finds himself in need of crossing to the other side. Unable to swim, he searches for a means to traverse the water safely.

The Encounter

Soon, the scorpion spots a turtle preparing to enter the river. Seizing the opportunity, the scorpion approaches the turtle with a request.

The Request

“Would you be so kind as to carry me across the river on your back?” asks the scorpion.

The Turtle’s Hesitation

Initial Reluctance

The turtle, wary of the scorpion’s venomous sting, hesitates. “How do I know you won’t sting me while I carry you?” he questions.

The Scorpion’s Argument

The scorpion reassures the turtle, saying, “If I sting you, we will both drown. It would be foolish for me to do so.” Convinced by this logic, the turtle agrees to help the scorpion.

The Journey Begins

Crossing the River

With the scorpion on his back, the turtle starts swimming across the river. The journey begins smoothly, and a sense of trust starts to build between the unlikely companions.

Building Trust

As they move forward, the turtle feels more confident that the scorpion’s argument holds true. They are halfway across the river when the unexpected happens.

The Unexpected Sting

The Betrayal

Suddenly, the scorpion stings the turtle. Shocked and in pain, the turtle feels the venom spreading through his body.

The Consequence

“Why did you sting me?” asks the turtle in disbelief. “Now we will both drown.”

The scorpion, with a sorrowful expression, replies, “I couldn’t help it. It’s in my nature.”

Moral of the Story

Understanding Nature

The fable teaches us that some actions are dictated by inherent nature, which can be difficult to change despite logical arguments or seemingly rational behavior.

Trust and Betrayal

It also highlights the complexities of trust and the potential for betrayal, even when it seems counterproductive.

Interpretations and Lessons

Human Nature and Behavior

The scorpion represents individuals or aspects of human nature that act according to their inherent traits, regardless of the consequences. The turtle, on the other hand, symbolizes those who trust and extend help, sometimes to their detriment.

Applying the Moral in Daily Life

In daily life, this story can remind us to be cautious about whom we trust and to understand that some behaviors are deeply rooted and unlikely to change.

Comparisons to Other Fables

Similar Stories in Different Cultures

Many cultures have similar stories with animals that embody human traits, teaching similar lessons. For instance, Aesop’s fables often feature animals with distinct characteristics that reflect human virtues and vices.

Common Themes

Themes of trust, betrayal, and inherent nature are common across many fables, underscoring universal truths about human behavior.

Why Do We Tell This Story?

Educational Value

Fables like the scorpion and the turtle serve an educational purpose, teaching children and adults alike about important moral lessons in an engaging way.

Reflection on Human Relationships

These stories prompt reflection on our relationships and interactions, encouraging us to think critically about trust and the nature of those around us.


The tale of the scorpion and the turtle is a timeless story that imparts valuable lessons about human nature, trust, and betrayal. By understanding and reflecting on these themes, we can navigate our relationships and interactions more wisely.


What is the main lesson of the Scorpion and the Turtle?

  • The main lesson is that some behaviors are driven by inherent nature and are difficult to change, even when it is not in one’s best interest.

How does this fable apply to modern life?

  • The fable applies to modern life by highlighting the importance of being cautious about whom we trust and recognizing that some people’s actions are guided by their unchangeable nature.

Are there other versions of this story?

  • Yes, similar stories exist in various cultures, often with different animals but conveying the same moral lesson.

What is the significance of the characters chosen for the fable?

  • The scorpion represents dangerous, unchangeable traits, while the turtle symbolizes innocence and the willingness to trust, highlighting the dynamic between these opposing characteristics.

How can we use this story to teach children about trust and nature?

  • This story can be used to teach children about the importance of being cautious with trust and understanding that some behaviors are innate and difficult to change, fostering a sense of critical thinking and awareness in their interactions.
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